Students who go in for higher studies will, in most likelihood encounter the need to write and submit a research paper. Many students are anxious about turning in a quality paper as they are inexperienced, but then student days are all about learning and once you have a research paper behind you, you will feel much more confident in the subject of your research. Writing a research paper can be a good learning experience and a rewarding one. Here are some tips on going about writing a research paper.
• A research paper is a formal recording of the findings of a detailed research after evaluating of the sources of information and a critical analysis. It is not just a compilation of all the primary and secondary sources of information related to the research topic. The conclusions of the researcher and his thought process in arriving at these conclusions must be set out concisely.
• A research paper can be an argumentative one or an analytical one. An argumentative paper takes a particular proposition – for example, is a high rate of tax good? – And sets out in detail the pros and cons of the proposition. The author may arrive at a conclusion or leave it open after setting out both sides of the case in detail. An analytical paper evaluates all the sources of information, considers existing propositions or interpretations on the subject and offers the author’s own interpretation.
• Choosing a topic is also important. While sometimes the student can choose from a list of suggested topics, he may also be allowed to choose one of his own. Choosing a topic itself requires some research to be aware of the existing knowledge in that subject and to be aware of the gaps that one can fill with research. The topic can also be fluid and change as the research progresses.
I receive a hard copy version of Inc. magazine each month, delivered to by my friendly mailman. He’s been delivering our mail to us for years. The magazine is arriving for free, though I cannot recall how or why this arrangement occurred, perhaps it was from remnant sky miles on airline programs which remained unused, or for which I’ll never accrue sufficient miles for anything. I like Inc. magazine and think many of the articles are interesting and thought provoking, once you can find them. In the March 2010 issue, for example, the reader first finds content on page six with a short profile accompanied by a large photograph, on page 14 there is a letter from the editor and on page 17 there is reader mail (hopefully email).
If we want to be generous and don’t refer to the inside cover as an actual page, the reader is provided with three pages of content in the first 17 pages of the magazine, or a ratio of 82% advertisements to 18% content. Continuing on to page 41, there is approximately 14 pages of content out of 24 pages, which is a happier ratio of 42% advertisements to 52% content. Overall, in the first 41 pages I found 17 pages of content which translates to roughly 40% reader content and 60% advertisement. Of course, if I had the patience, I would have analyzed all of the pages of the magazine. But a quick Google search led me to a web site called Magazine.org, which states that the average (traditional) magazine is about a 50/50 ratio between ads and content. Overall, I guarantee my down and dirty research to be somewhere between relatively accurate to completely anecdotal and spurious. Feel free to contact me as you browse your own magazine pages counting ads versus content should your due diligence and subsequent findings prove otherwise!
Let’s compare my Inc. Magazine findings with an online magazine. I would estimate that the online magazine I review daily has a ratio of 60% content to 40% advertisements, which is much better than the paper based version of Inc., or the Magazine.org estimate. However, and this is an important caveat, whenever the reader selects an online article to read, content always appears. In a traditional magazine, it’s somewhat more challenging, and certainly more time consuming to find the table of contents and then leaf through the publication to arrive at page 41 to read your article. We all have a propensity to browse paper based magazines page by page until an article catches our eye.
It’s rare that a paper based magazine shows up at our house. From time to time we might receive a promotional copy, but our online propensity continues to grow. We receive the New York Times on Sundays though we have questioned how long we will continue to subscribe to the paper based version. Our Boston Globe and Boston magazine delivery days have long since passed. We continue to embrace a virtual and online centric manner of content consumption, which is easier, faster and more environmentally friendly. We seem to quote Yahoo, blogs, and online resources far more than we now say, “I read an interesting article in the paper.”
Often interesting subjects come up in the World of Online Article Authoring; this is where writers and authors write articles and put them onto the net for everyone to see or for selected Internet Companies to use as content. Lately, folks have been posting article that are either plagiarized or stolen from other sources. Some are re-written from other articles and affectively attempting to subvert plagiarism rules.
Now we see folks writing articles to attract students who wish to buy term papers online by writing articles and placing in the by-line author section at the bottom; BUY NOW, term papers. This is quite offensive to academia and it upsets other legitimate online article authors as well. Many are now speaking out.
Well so am I and this is exactly the situation that upset me, as an employer I was always upset at the business degreed students and their lack of knowledge. As a speaker a business schools and colleges, Universities, some of the questions the kids would ask, frightened me to think they would soon be out in the workforce. Although in a way, I was delighted to know the quality of my future competition was so dismal that I could be on vacation and run circles around them on a Cruise Ship making two phone calls a day.
Still kids cheating in school is what is causing the plagiarism in the real world later on. One online article website has banned the selling of Term Papers online via submitted articles. Some say this is a violation of free speech to those selling the Term Papers.
The world is changing at a staggering rate and technology is considered to be the key driver for these changes around us (Papers4you.com, 2006). An analysis of technology and its uses show that it has permeated in almost every aspect of our life. According to Tero et al (2004) many activities are handled electronically due the acceptance of information technology at home as well as at workplace. Internet can be seen as a truly global phenomenon that has made time and distance irrelevant to many transactions. According to Heikki et al. (2002), the transformation from the traditional banking towards e-banking has been a ‘leap’ change.
The evolution of electronic banking started from the use of automatic teller machines (ATM) and has passed through telephone banking, direct bill payment, electronic fund transfer and the revolutionary online banking (Alter, 2002). The future of electronic banking according to some is the acceptance of WAP enabled banking and interactive-TV banking (Petrus & Nelson, 2006). But it has been forecasted that among all the categories, online banking is the future of electronic financial transactions. The rise in the e-commerce and the use of internet in its facilitation along with the enhanced online security of transactions and sensitive information has been the core reasons for the penetration of online banking in everyday life (Papers4you.com, 2006). According to the latest official figures from the Office of National Statistics (ONS, 2006) indicate that subscriptions to the internet has grown more than 50% from 15 million in 2000 to 35 million in 2005 in the UK. It has also been estimated that 60% of the population in the UK use internet in their daily lives.
The fundamental shift towards the involvement of the customer in the financial service provision with the help of technology especially internet has helped in reduce costs of financial institutions as well as helped client to use the service at anytime and from virtually anywhere with access to an internet connection. According to theorists (Walfried et al., 2005) customer evaluation of the electronic services is influenced by attributions of success and failure in inter personal service situations. The use of electronic banking has removed the banking personnel that facilitate the transactions and has placed additional responsibilities on the customers to transact with the service. Although the use of E-banking is provided for the benefit of the customers but these changes require increased work or involvement on the part of customers. These and other factors might be seen as lesser service provided in terms of customer service. But these assumptions would be wrong if the customer knows the value of using the electronic service.
Thus it can be concluded that a fit between task i.e. the banking; technology i.e. the user interface and its reliability; and individuals i.e. the customers and their knowledge about using the service, is the key to successful E-banking services (Zigurs & Buckland, 1998).
The outline of the term paper should be considered as part and parcel of the entire term paper. When given this type of academic task, the main requirements from the writer will be to test how organized the student is or should be. Carrying out a serious research and writing is something often not very easy. There is therefore the need of an outline to take you through the whole research and writing process. Your term paper must have a direction and the outline is that direction.
What you should also know is that the outline should be written in a simple manner. The outline is just the raw material for the whole term paper. If you think that the outline can be made use of in forming a readable and unified term paper, then you need to put in all your best in writing and shaping what is to be found in the outline. The outline should be written in point form. This is just to save time. There is nothing wrong in writing the outline in the same manner as the term paper will be written. This is provided you have all the time in doing so. Keep in mind that most of what will be found in the outline should be readable enough because you will only have to do some rewriting to complete the final term paper.
There are four basic steps that you have to make use of in coming up with the outline. You must first of all begin by searching for materials that have to appear in the term paper. Most of the materials that you place in the outline will not have to be selective. Secondly, you will have to interpret what you have as materials for the outline. This means you will have to look at what is relevant and appropriate to your term paper. Thirdly, you will have to synthesize what you have as material for the outline. This is where you will have to blend all that you have into a unified whole. Finally, you will organize what you have so that when read in its entirety, it will sound more than an outline to a real term paper.
Term paper outline writing may sometimes be taken to mean the draft of your term paper. This is because most of the materials found in the outline will be one and the same thing that will be present in the final term paper. When writing your outline. Make sure that everything starting from the introduction, right up to the conclusion of your term paper has been properly represented. You should also take note of the fact that you can possible write out either a formal outline or an informal outline. The informal outline will of course be less elaborate than the formal outline.
Academic writing building a research paper depends on the quality of the idea and information provided in that research paper. While there are always an unlimited amount of ideas to grab, some of them have been overused. Each paper as a few things in common that could create somewhat of a document that can be read by a few. Academic writing and essays aren’t complicated and depending on the topic, they can create a stir. As the paper is being written the points and structure are valuable to a grade. The structure itself hasn’t changed.
The carry on that links them together
The body paragraphs for each supporting argument
The conclusion and restating the point being made
The Thesis Statement
The thesis statement in Academic writing can be made in a number of different known ways and it can also be made in unknown ways. The thesis is the statement that engages the reader and polarizes them immediately. The statement, no matter what its topic is, should be somewhat of an opinion that can be self-supported by their own research and there is no limit what can be stated.
Research papers can be easily differentiated from personal essays on the basis of the extensive research that is executed before the writing of such papers. Research papers thus act as that creative output in which the writers’ personal thoughts and opinions are merged with theories from already established sources.
However, the technique used in the presentation of the paper may make it fall under two broad categories: 1. Analytical, 2. Argumentative, in fact the strategy used by the writer to compose his paper will eventually determine the aim and purpose of the paper.
A detailed discussion of these two methods will clarify the concepts presented above:
1. Analytical Papers
In an analytical research paper, the aim is to attain a thorough expertise of the concept that is being presented so that it can be broken down and represented from the writers’ point of view.
In this form of the research paper, an individual approaches the research question without any pre-conceived notions and ideas about the subject at hand. Thereafter a careful survey of the opinions and views is undertaken. Ultimately when familiarity with the topic is achieved; a person is able to restructure and relocate the concepts that underlie the basic topic in his paper; the very essence of an analytical paper; critical contemplation and evaluation of the question at hand is necessary for an analytical paper.
2. Argumentative Papers
This type of a paper may also be termed a persuasive paper. Aside from critical thinking which is essential for the production of a quality paper, another familiar concept that dominates academic circles is the concept of an argument.